The Plot to Kill Jesus, Luke, Chapter 22

Analysis: Luke, Chapter 22

Luke chapter 22 is a profound and pivotal section of the Gospel, capturing the events leading up to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. This chapter not only marks the culmination of Jesus' earthly ministry but also sets the stage for His ultimate sacrifice for humanity's redemption. Through a detailed narrative encompassing the Last Supper, Jesus' prayer in Gethsemane, His betrayal and arrest, Peter's denial, and the beginning of His trials, Luke provides a rich theological exploration of Jesus' mission and the nature of His kingdom.

The chapter begins with preparations for the Passover meal, a significant event that Jesus eagerly desires to share with His disciples (Luke 22:15). This meal, deeply rooted in Jewish tradition, becomes the backdrop for the institution of the Lord's Supper, where Jesus breaks bread and shares wine as symbols of His body and blood, sacrificed for many. "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you" (Luke 22:20), Jesus declares, signifying the establishment of a new covenant between God and humanity. This moment is theologically significant, as it reinterprets the Passover in light of Jesus' impending death, emphasizing the sacrificial nature of His mission and the inauguration of a new era of salvation.

The narrative then shifts to Jesus' prediction of Peter's denial (Luke 22:31-34), a poignant moment that reveals the vulnerability of even the most faithful followers. This prediction, and its subsequent fulfillment (Luke 22:54-62), underscores the themes of human weakness, repentance, and forgiveness. Peter's denial and Jesus' foreknowledge of it highlight the contrast between human frailty and divine grace, offering hope for restoration despite failure.

One of the most emotionally charged scenes in this chapter is Jesus' prayer in Gethsemane (Luke 22:39-46). Here, Jesus confronts the full weight of His impending suffering, expressing deep anguish yet ultimately submitting to the Father's will. This moment of vulnerability and obedience underscores the depth of Jesus' sacrifice and His commitment to fulfilling God's redemptive plan, emphasizing the cost of salvation and the seriousness with which it should be approached.

The betrayal and arrest of Jesus (Luke 22:47-53) mark the beginning of the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies concerning the Messiah's suffering. Jesus' response to Judas' betrayal and His healing of the servant's ear are testament to His message of peace and forgiveness, even in the face of betrayal and violence. This section of the narrative illustrates the stark contrast between the kingdom of God, characterized by love and self-sacrifice, and the kingdoms of this world, marked by power and coercion.

Finally, Peter's denial and the onset of Jesus' trials (Luke 22:63-71) bring to light the injustice and suffering Jesus endures. Despite the false accusations and the rejection by His own people, Jesus remains steadfast, affirming His identity as the Son of God and the Messiah. This part of the narrative not only foreshadows Jesus' crucifixion but also highlights His unwavering commitment to the truth and the fulfillment of His mission.

In conclusion, Luke chapter 22 is of paramount importance within the biblical narrative and theological discourse. It vividly portrays the climax of Jesus' earthly ministry, offering deep insights into the nature of His sacrificial love, the cost of discipleship, and the hope of salvation. Through these events, believers are invited to reflect on the magnitude of Jesus' sacrifice, the depth of God's love for humanity, and the call to live in faithful obedience and anticipation of the kingdom that Jesus came to inaugurate. This chapter, therefore, stands as a cornerstone of Christian faith, beckoning followers of Christ to a deeper understanding and commitment to the gospel message.

The Scripture: Luke, Chapter 22

Luke Chapter 22 (KJV)

1 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

2 And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

3 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.

4 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

5 And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.

6 And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.

7 Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

9 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?

10 And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

11 And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

12 And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

13 And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

17 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

18 For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

21 But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.

22 And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!

23 And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

24 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.

25 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.

26 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.

27 For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth.

28 Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.

29 And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;

30 That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.

33 And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, and to death.

34 And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.

35 And he said unto them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing.

36 Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.

37 For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.

38 And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said unto them, It is enough.

39 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.

40 And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.

41 And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,

42 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.

43 And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.

44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

45 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow,

46 And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.

47 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.

48 But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

49 When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?

50 And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.

51 And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

52 Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves?

53 When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

54 Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off.

55 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them.

56 But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.

57 And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.

58 And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not.

59 And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a Galilaean.

60 And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.

61 And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

62 And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.

63 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him.

64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?

65 And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.

66 And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,

67 Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:

68 And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go.

69 Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.

70 Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.

71 And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

A Letter to Jesus: Luke, Chapter 22

Dear Jesus,

As I sit down to reflect on the profound events and teachings of Luke chapter 22, I'm overwhelmed by the depth of Your love, the gravity of Your sacrifice, and the intensity of the spiritual battle You faced for our sake. This chapter, which narrates the crucial hours leading up to Your crucifixion, is laden with moments that reveal the core of our faith and the foundation of our hope.

The Passover meal You shared with Your disciples, now commemorated as the Last Supper (Luke 22:14-23), is a profound testament to the new covenant established through Your blood. As You broke the bread and shared the cup, declaring them as Your body given for us and the new covenant in Your blood, You transformed a traditional Jewish observance into a memorial of Your impending sacrifice for the sins of humanity. This act of love, so freely given, prompts me to ponder the depth of Your commitment to redeem us and the personal cost of that redemption.

Your prediction of Peter's denial (Luke 22:31-34) and the subsequent fulfillment of that prophecy (Luke 22:54-62) speak volumes about human frailty and Your grace. Even as Peter, who so confidently claimed he would never deny You, found himself faltering in fear, it reminds me of my own weaknesses and the countless times I've failed to stand firm in my faith. Yet, in Your omniscience, You foresaw not only Peter's failure but also his restoration and strengthening of his brethren. This gives me immense comfort, knowing that Your grace is sufficient to restore us even from our gravest failures.

The account of Your agonizing prayer at Gethsemane (Luke 22:39-46) lays bare the human side of Your divine nature. Your heartfelt plea to the Father, if possible, to take away the cup of suffering, coupled with Your ultimate submission to the Father's will, is a powerful lesson in obedience and trust. It teaches me the value of surrendering to God's will, even when the path ahead is fraught with suffering and the cost seems unbearably high.

Your betrayal by Judas (Luke 22:47-53) and the subsequent events leading to Your arrest highlight the stark contrast between the kingdom You came to establish and the worldly expectations of power and dominance. Your choice to heal the servant's ear, even in the face of betrayal, is a testament to Your ministry of reconciliation and peace, urging me to follow in Your footsteps of love and forgiveness, even towards those who wish me harm.

Finally, Peter's denial and the beginning of Your trials (Luke 22:54-71) underscore the reality of the world's rejection of Your message and person. Yet, through these trials and Peter's eventual restoration, I see a powerful message of hope and redemption. Your steadfast declaration of Your identity as the Son of God, in the face of accusation and mockery, strengthens my faith and emboldens me to stand firm in my testimony of who You are.

Reflecting on Luke chapter 22, I am reminded of the cost of discipleship and the magnitude of Your sacrifice for us. Each event, from the Last Supper to Your trial, paints a vivid picture of Your love, Your obedience to the Father, and Your commitment to our salvation. Help me to live in a manner worthy of the sacrifice You made, to extend grace and forgiveness as You have done for me, and to stand firm in my faith, no matter the trials I may face.

With a heart full of gratitude and a renewed commitment to follow You,

Your ever loving disciple, Michael.

Summary: Luke, Chapter 22

Luke chapter 22 is pivotal within the Gospel narrative, marking the transition to the passion of Jesus Christ. This chapter encompasses the preparation for the Passover, the institution of the Lord's Supper, Jesus' prediction of Peter's denial, the agonizing prayer at the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus' betrayal and arrest, Peter's denial, and the beginning of Jesus' trials. Each event, rich in theological significance, contributes to the unfolding revelation of God's redemptive plan through Jesus.

The chapter begins with Jesus' preparation for the Passover, a critical moment that links the Old Covenant practices to their fulfillment in Christ. The Passover meal, which Jesus desires to eat with His disciples (Luke 22:15), is transformed into the institution of the Lord's Supper. Through this, Jesus establishes a new covenant "in [His] blood, which is poured out for [them]" (Luke 22:20), signifying His impending sacrifice for humanity's salvation. This act not only reinterprets the Passover in the light of Jesus' sacrifice but also inaugurates a new memorial for believers, encapsulating the essence of the gospel and the believers' continual remembrance of Christ's atoning work.

Jesus' prediction of Peter's denial (Luke 22:31-34) and the subsequent fulfillment of this prophecy (Luke 22:54-62) reveal the vulnerability of human faithfulness and the need for divine grace. Despite Peter's initial confidence, his denial underscores the disciples' weakness, juxtaposed against Jesus' steadfast commitment to God's will. This event highlights the themes of repentance, forgiveness, and restoration, as seen through Jesus' foreknowledge of Peter's actions and His provision for Peter's return to faith.

The narrative of Jesus praying in Gethsemane (Luke 22:39-46) is a profound display of Jesus' humanity and divinity. His agonizing prayer, "Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done" (Luke 22:42), demonstrates His obedience and submission to the Father's will, despite the cost. This moment of intense sorrow and earnest prayer emphasizes Jesus' voluntary sacrifice for humanity's redemption, showcasing the depth of God's love and the seriousness of sin.

Jesus' betrayal by Judas and His arrest (Luke 22:47-53) set into motion the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies concerning the Messiah's suffering. Jesus' response to His arrest, healing the servant's ear (Luke 22:51), and His reminder that His kingdom is not of this world (implied through His refusal to resist arrest) further delineate His mission of peace and reconciliation, contrasting the kingdom of God with worldly power dynamics.

Peter's denial and the beginning of Jesus' trials (Luke 22:54-71) mark the culmination of human rejection of Jesus, highlighting the injustice and suffering He endures. Despite the false testimonies and the rejection by His own people, Jesus remains steadfast, affirming His identity as the Son of God and the Messiah, even in the face of death. This section foreshadows the ultimate victory over sin and death that Jesus would achieve through His crucifixion and resurrection.

In summary, Luke chapter 22 is theologically significant for its rich portrayal of Jesus' final hours before His crucifixion. Through the Last Supper, Jesus establishes a new covenant, emphasizing the centrality of His death for salvation. The events of Gethsemane and Peter's denial highlight themes of obedience, human frailty, and divine grace. The arrest and trial of Jesus set the stage for the fulfillment of God's redemptive plan, underscoring Jesus' willingness to suffer for humanity's sake. Collectively, these events invite reflection on the cost of discipleship, the nature of Jesus' sacrifice, and the hope of redemption.

Interpretation: Luke, Chapter 22

Luke chapter 22 is a deeply moving and theologically rich section of the Gospel that brings into focus the climax of Jesus' earthly ministry, highlighting key events leading up to His crucifixion. This chapter encompasses themes of covenant, betrayal, human weakness, divine obedience, and the unfolding of God's redemptive plan through Jesus Christ.

The Last Supper and the New Covenant

The Last Supper, shared among Jesus and His disciples, is laden with symbolic and prophetic significance. As they gather to observe Passover, Jesus reinterprets the traditional elements of the meal, establishing the bread and the cup as enduring symbols of His body broken and His blood shed for the forgiveness of sins (Luke 22:19-20). This moment signifies the inauguration of a new covenant, fulfilling Jeremiah's prophecy (Jeremiah 31:31-34) and transitioning from the Mosaic covenant centered on the law to the new covenant centered on grace and faith in Christ's atoning sacrifice. This foundational event emphasizes the centrality of communion in Christian worship, serving as a memorial of Jesus' sacrifice and a proclamation of His death until He comes again.

Betrayal and Denial

The narrative of Judas' betrayal and Peter's denial underscores the themes of human frailty and sin. Judas' betrayal for thirty pieces of silver (Luke 22:4-6) fulfills the prophecies about the Messiah's suffering and highlights the tragic consequences of turning away from Jesus. In contrast, Peter's denial, despite his earlier proclamation of unwavering loyalty (Luke 22:33-34, 54-62), demonstrates the vulnerability of even the most devout followers to fear and weakness. However, it also sets the stage for themes of repentance, forgiveness, and restoration, as seen later in the Gospel narrative.

Jesus in Gethsemane

The agony of Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane (Luke 22:39-46) reveals the depth of His humanity and obedience. His prayer, "Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done, " reflects His submission to the Father's will, highlighting the cost of salvation and the surrender required in following God's path. This poignant moment of vulnerability and divine obedience underscores the dual nature of Christ's identity as fully God and fully human.

Jesus' Arrest and Trials

The arrest and subsequent trials of Jesus (Luke 22:47-71) further illuminate the path of suffering that Jesus must endure as part of God's salvific plan. His nonviolent response to His arrest and His silence in the face of false accusations fulfill Isaiah's prophecy of the suffering servant (Isaiah 53). These events not only demonstrate Jesus' commitment to peace and truth but also expose the injustice and corruption within the religious and political systems of the time.

Theological Significance

Luke chapter 22 invites readers into a profound meditation on the nature of discipleship, the cost of redemption, and the power of divine love. It challenges believers to consider their own faithfulness, to embrace the grace offered through Christ's sacrifice, and to live in anticipation of His kingdom. This chapter, rich with theological depth, calls us to remember Jesus' sacrifice, to repent of our failures, and to renew our commitment to follow Him, grounded in the hope of resurrection and eternal life.

In summary, Luke 22 not only narrates the events leading up to the crucifixion but also invites deep theological reflection on the themes of covenant, sacrifice, human weakness, divine obedience, and redemption, central to Christian faith and practice.

A Letter to a Friend: Luke, Chapter 22

Hey Friend,

I hope you're doing well! I've been reflecting on Luke chapter 22, and there are some deep insights I'd like to share with you.

In this chapter, we witness several pivotal events leading up to Jesus' crucifixion. One of the notable passages is when Jesus instructs his disciples to prepare for his departure by selling their cloaks and buying swords. This seemingly contradictory command has sparked debates among scholars. Some interpret it symbolically, suggesting that the disciples should be prepared for spiritual warfare, while others view it as a literal instruction for self-defense. Regardless of interpretation, it underscores the imminent challenges the disciples would face.

As Jesus prays in the Garden of Gethsemane, we see his profound agony and submission to the Father's will. His prayer reveals the weight of the impending crucifixion and the depth of his obedience. Despite his anguish, Jesus surrenders to God's plan, exemplifying perfect trust and submission.

Judas' betrayal and Peter's denial further highlight the human frailty and weakness displayed even by Jesus' closest followers. Despite Peter's earlier declaration of loyalty, fear and pressure lead him to disown Jesus three times. Yet, Jesus' gaze upon Peter after his denial serves as a poignant reminder of his unwavering love and forgiveness.

The chapter culminates in Jesus' trial before the Jewish council, where he affirms his identity as the Son of God. His response leads to his condemnation by the religious leaders, setting the stage for his crucifixion.

Throughout Luke chapter 22, we witness the unfolding of God's redemptive plan amidst human frailty and betrayal. Jesus' unwavering obedience, even unto death, serves as a profound example of love and sacrifice.

As we reflect on these events, may we be reminded of the depth of Jesus' love for us and the significance of his sacrifice for our salvation. Let's continue to draw closer to him, seeking to emulate his obedience and love in our lives.

Take care, and I look forward to hearing your thoughts on this chapter.

Warm regards, Michael